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录入于 October 11, 2017 at 16:04:12:
美国小企业局（Small Business Administration，简称SBA）于1958年被美国国会确定为"永久性联邦机构"。作为美国联邦政府专门设立的向小企业提供资金支持、技术援助、政府采购、紧急救助、市场开拓（特别是国际市场）等全方位、专业化服务的机构，美国小企业局是美国政府制定小企业政策的主要参考和执行部门，在各联邦政府部门中享有很高的地位，局长由总统亲自任命。美国中小企业局总部设在华盛顿，在美国十大城市设有分局，分局下设100多个地方机构，员工总人数超过4000人。
Unleash America’s Entrepreneurial Spirit through Actions --A special conversation with SBA administrator Linda McMahon
By Dr. Wei Wu （firstname.lastname@example.org） World Hall of Fame Vice Editor, Director for US-China Exchange
On October 11, 2017, President Trump’s appointee, SBA administrator Linda McMahon visited Houston. Her purpose of the trip was to visit SBA Houston District Office and a small business impacted by Hurricane Harvey and served as keynote speaker at the Governor’s Business Forum for Women. World Hall of Fame had an opportunity to talk with her on a few topics: disaster recovery from hurricane, tax reform and Asian women entrepreneurship. She was trying to unleash the entrepreneurial spirits through her footprints and actions.
Many Chinese audience/readers did not know much about SBA or the new administrator Linda McMahon. SBA was created by the Congress in 1958 to provide support to entrepreneurs and small businesses. The mission of the Small Business Administration is "to maintain and strengthen the nation's economy by enabling the establishment and viability of small businesses and by assisting in the economic recovery of communities after disasters". The agency's activities are summarized as the "3 Cs" of capital, contracts and counseling.
Administrator McMahon’s personal experience is very unique and quite fit in the Chinese moral stories: relying on personal effort, through deep downs and rising above from the humble start. Administrator McMahon was born in North Carolina. She met her husband Vince McMahon when she was 13 because their mothers were friends. They dated through high school and got married after she graduated from high school at the age of 17. They had setback and hardship in life in early business venture. They had to declare bankruptcy, lose their home and car, live on food stamps. But eventually she and her husband co-founded WWE and became a billionaire. This is the shortest version of her rich life experience.
Because of her experience in success and failure, she can empathy very well with small business owners and ordinary people. She can bring the voices of small business owners to Washington and President. These can be seen in the issues she cares about.
Administrator McMahon started as a small business owner, with 13 persons. She grew the business from small to big public traded global company, with 800 employees in offices worldwide. She experienced up and down with her business and personal life. During one of the interviews upon the nomination, she said, “even entrepreneurs with the best ideas sometimes need a little wind beneath their wings.” It showed that she understood the challenges of small businesses and has compassion and empathy for entrepreneurs and small business owners especially when disasters happen. Since Hurricane Harvey hit Texas, it was the second time that administrator McMahon came to Texas. After the disaster, she soon announced a special low-interest disaster loan program for 18 counties in Texas. Not only small businesses, but homeowners and renters are eligible for up to $40,000 to repair or replace damaged personal property. These were comforting news for the struggling people in Houston and surrounding areas.
During her term, she learned from small business owners that the current complicated tax and high tax rate 35% is a major barrier for many small businesses. Big multinational corporations could park their profit overseas. Small business pay higher effective tax rate than the big multinational corporations. It is unfair for the small businesses and impedes their ability to grow. Administrator McMahon acted as an advocate for small business owners in tax reform. With optimistic smile, she said simplifying the tax code and lowering the tax rate to lowest would enable small business owners to put money back to business, create more jobs and raise employees’ pay.
As a woman entrepreneur, Administrator McMahon care about and help women entrepreneurs. She founded a company Women’s Leadership Live to use her experiences in putting on wrestling matches to create women-focused events. When she was asked what she thought she could help Asian women entrepreneurs, she said, women entrepreneurs and small business owners are conservative when coming to use capital. They tend to use their own money or borrow money from friends and family instead of borrowing from bank. Sometimes it takes capital to grow business bigger. She advised Asian women entrepreneurs borrow money from bank to grow business. Of course, borrow wisely, she added.
During the interview, she also mentioned that she had been to Beijing and Panda’s hometown Chengdu. She was impressed with Chinese business entrepreneurs’ creativities.
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